How to become a full stack developer?
Meet Ben, a fresher software project development.
Ben aspires to become the most desirable full stack developer in the IT community. That one day, Ben’s phone would receive endless calls from headhunters in need of full stack developers.
Yet Ben’s resume has been remarked as green and inexperienced. The project Ben received so far has been low-key modest in the sense of project complexity and budget generosity. Ben also has not decided if he wanted to specialize in web development or mobile application development. International work experience would be fascinating to Ben’s career development, yet he lacks fundamental guidance of where to start and what skills to grow.
So let’s help Ben get some quality advice from experts on how to become a full stack developer.
What it takes for Ben to become a full stack developer: Academic and technical background
The most basic step of becoming a top-notch full stack developer is to get a good grip of programming languages, including Java, PHP, C #, Python, Ruby, and Perl. Learning to code is not sufficient; Ben needs to excel in each of specific coding language that his aspired employer demands. A skillful full stack developer must know that programming languages evolve over time as there is a new coding language emerging every day with a new operating platform.
Given the fact that Ben intends to be employed in the tech industry, he ought to understand that most of the business’ systems and tech products would be operated and implemented based on a certain type of programming language. For example, PHP is used by 75% of all the websites being developed on average. As a result, Ben should look closely at how to master writing codes using PHP principles, especially in website development.
Front-end technology and languages, including HTML, CSS, JS.
While website design tends to be showered with all the attention in website development, a skillful full stack developer should also pay heaps of attention to front end development.
By focusing on front end development, a good full stack developer could control how the website design can actually be presented and implemented on the website surfaced.
To be specific, by using programming languages like HTML, CSS, and JS, Ben could work out different layouts and navigation of the website if he truly understood his choice of programming language.
Another example of how front end development would help a full stack developer implement his website development strategy in a more comprehensive method is that he could design a mobile-first version for the website as well as exercised the responsive design for the final product.
Back-end server and language such as C#
Just like front end development, back end development could really mess with the full stack developer’s head if not paying attention to its application and coordination with front end development simultaneously.
In order to efficiently operate a back end server, Ben needs to take a full grasp of how the server works — from URL to the user as well as how the database was formed and running.
Ben also needs to be aware of the ‘grey area’ between front-end and back-end development, the middleware. This section tends to translate the output of the application’s front end to its back end, taking charging of all communication and informational exchanging between your server/database and your application/website.
Data query languages like SQL or NoSQL
As a full stack developer, Ben ought to differentiate data query language like SQL — relational database and NoSQL — non-relational database. In particular, SQL is formed like a traditional directory where details are stored in the same way that phone numbers and addresses are stored in a phonebook.
Meanwhile, NoSQL is structured like a folder on your computer, which means each users’ details are elaborated in the non-relational database. The most prominent SQL databases are namely Oracle, MySQL, and Microsoft Azure. Non-relational database samples could be referenced by Facebook, online shopping websites and WordPress.
How Ben can stand out as a full stack developer in the eyes of recruiters
Ben could pursue a challenging yet rewarding career in full stack development if he started fresh with the skill of managing server infrastructure and solving problems regarding server performance.
Long gone the time when a software developer would only need to master his engineering skill in order to fit in an organization and carry out satisfying products.
High demands of the current tech industry would require full stack developers to acquire both technical and soft skills in order to secure a position in product development. Management skill is the equivalent of a universal language in the tech business.
Keen eyes on details
Being attentive to front-end and back-end technology as a specialist would certainly help Ben become a highly-desired full stack developer. By concentrating solely on front end technology and language or only back end technology and language would only cause Ben to miss out on the ability to really understand his final product.
Having a keen eye on little details and using sharp knowledge on both ends of the technology would really set Ben aside from other developers in the business. It takes passion and real personal motivation to stretch oneself out to different domains of a business, which also indicates a various set of challenges for those who aspire to become a great full stack developer.
Being a team member means being closely connected with other members within an organization in business matters such as customer support, operation, research and development, sales and marketing. If this were a decade ago, when the terminology ‘full stack developer’ was not coined, software engineers and product developers would only need to improve their technical skills since they would only engage in developing software end-to-end. However, thanks to the emergence of customer-centricity in the software development industry, a full stack developer would not only excel at his technical profession and knowledge but also have to be a team member who truly cares about his people and his product.
Having entrepreneur spirits
Being well-equipped with entrepreneurial skills would really set Ben aside from the fellow full stack developer aspirants. Entrepreneurial skills, or the 21st century skills, include interpersonal, problem-solving skill, time management, and critical thinking. The role of a full stack developer has drastically changed since the customer service had a realization that only the product creator — the know-it-all full stack developer — would truly understand the shortcomings of the product and make adjustments to the product development. By learning about the function of each unit within an organization, the full stack developer could gain a comprehensive look at the company and the product development process from the perspective of an entrepreneur, a technical specialist, and a customer.
Job requirements of full-stack developers in tech giants
Long ago, there lived an on-going heated debate over the alleged announcement that Facebook only recruited full stack developers. However, the job title “full stack developer” can vary from one business to the next.
People at Designveloper made a brief consolidation of what it takes to be a full stack developer at tech giants, like Facebook and Apple.
Either marketing and technology domains have shifted from the product-centricity approach to the customer-centricity method, so Ben should also adopt the same pattern. By analyzing what his desired employer wants, he could complement necessary skills to his already-possessed skill set in order to be valuable and irreplaceable in the eyes of employers. Extra layers are added to the term “stack” as clients’ demands inevitably grow over the years, so it is significant for our Ben to collect as many quality and necessary skills as possible in order to stand out as a ‘hot-shot’ full stack developer.
For the time being, if you see yourself in Ben’s aspiring path to become a consummate full stack developer, it is important to join vibrant and quick-to-response full stack teams in companies that treasure the element of human as well as put clients first. Currently, people at Designveloper are looking for talents in full stack development as well as those who are new to the game. If you find yourself relatable to the description, reach us out and see it for yourself as our next full-stack developer and full-stack intern.